Rudy Giuliani Net Worth

Rudy Giuliani Net Worth 2023: Wiki Biography, Married, Family, Measurements, Height, Salary, Relationships

Rudy Giuliani net worth is
$45 Million

Rudy Giuliani Wiki Biography

Rudolph William Louis “Rudy” Giuliani was born on 28 May 1944, in Brooklyn, New York City USA, and is a lawyer, public speaker, businessman and former politician with Italian ancestry. He is best known for serving as the mayor of New York City from 1994-2001, greatly improving many aspects of the city and becoming a voice and face of support during the 9/11 attacks. His ventures in law and business after his career in politics helped shape his current net worth.

How rich is Rudy Giuliani? Sources inform that his net worth is at $45 million as of early 2016. Most of this has been accumulated throughout Rudy’s decorated career in law and politics. It can mostly be seen through his current business ventures which have proven to raise his wealth even after he had already declared being done with a political career.


Rudy Giuliani Net Worth $45 Million

Rudy attended the Bishop Loughlin Memorial High School and then went to Manhattan College to study theology for four years. After graduation, and contemplating a life in the priesthood, he would eventually attend New York University Law School in Manhattan, finishing as a magna cum laude in 1968. He started his law career under Judge Lloyd MacMahon who was United States Southern District Judge for New York at the time. He went on to join the office of the US Attorney and by the age of 29, had become the Chief of the Narcotics Unit as well as executive US attorney. By 1975, he was called to serve in Washington D.C. working as Associate Deputy Attorney General. He returned to New York in 1977 to practice law under Patterson, Belknap, Webb and Tyler. Throughout these years his net worth had started to build up.

In 1981, he occupied the third highest position in the Department of Justice after being named Associate Attorney General during the Reagan administration. He became a supervisor of Attorney offices, law enforcement agencies, drug enforcement agencies and the like. Around two years later, he became the US Attorney for the Southern District of New York, earning a reputation as a ruthless operator as he cracked down on organized crime and corruption. He earned 4, 152 convictions with only 25 reversals during his tenure which, however, did not go without criticisms, as some people reported he deliberately arrested a few for publicity, only to later release them and drop charges.

By 1989, he went on to his first candidacy for mayor of New York against David Dinkins. He lost by a very small margin and it was considered the closest margin of any mayoral elections in the city. He ran again in 1993, and with Dinkins losing a bit of favor, succeeded in becoming the first Republican elected Mayor since 1965. During his time as mayor he reduced overall crime by 57%, and murder rates by as much as 65%. He improved the law enforcement agency, welfare and overall quality of life. He was eventually re-elected in 1997 after high ratings of satisfaction. With his favor dropping by the year 2001, he was then suddenly faced with one of the biggest and most tragic events of the country, the 9/11 attacks.

Giuliani became one of the most well-known voices and faces following the attacks. He became an outlet of support and reassurance for the city as well as the country. His support earned him the title of being one of the greatest mayors in New York History. Time Magazine also named him person of the year and he was given an honorary knighthood by Queen Elizabeth II.

Giuliani tried to run for the senate and even presidency but eventually withdrew with concerns for his health and his personal life. He battled prostate cancer and had to deal with issues of extramarital affairs with his soon-to-be third wife Judith Nathan.

Even with some people trying to encourage Giuliani to run again for politics, he declined and decided to focus on business.

In his personal life, Rudi has been married three times, now married to and living with Judith Nathan since 2003. He has two children from his second marriage to Donna Hannover(1984-2002), having previously been married to Regina Peruggi(1968-82).

Full NameRudy Giuliani
Net Worth$45 Million
Date Of BirthMay 28, 1944
Place Of BirthEast Flatbush, New York City, New York, United States
Height5 ft 9 in (1.76 m)
ProfessionPolitician, Lawyer, Businessperson, Actor, Public speaker
EducationNew York University School of Law, Manhattan College, Bishop Loughlin Memorial High School, New York University, University of Toronto Mississauga, New York University School of Law, Manhattan College, Bishop Loughlin Memorial High School, New York University, University of Toronto Mississauga
NationalityUnited States of America
SpouseJudith Giuliani (m. 2003), Donna Hanover (m. 1984–2002), Regina Peruggi (m. 1968–1982)
ChildrenAndrew Giuliani, Caroline Giuliani
ParentsHelen C. Giuliani, Harold Angel Giuliani
NicknamesRudolph Giuliani , Rudolph William Louis Giuliani , America's Mayor , Rudy , NYC Mayor Rudy Giuliani , Rudy Guliani , Former Mayor Rudy Guliani , Mayor Rudolph W. Giuliani , Mayor Rudolph Giuliani , Mayor Rudy Giuliani
AwardsRichard A. Cook Gold Medal Award, Christopher Leadership Award, Richard A. Cook Gold Medal Award, Christopher Leadership Award
MoviesThe Gates, Giuliani Time, Anger Management, Eddie, Stop at Nothing: The Lance Armstrong Story, The Gates, Giuliani Time, Anger Management, Eddie
TV ShowsPiers Morgan Live, Piers Morgan Live
1[on Barack Obama, referring to Hilary Clinton's use of a private email server to send and receive classified documents when she was secretary of state] I think he will be one of the worst presidents ever if he pardons her.
2[ on President Obama's foreign policy, 2015 ] I do not believe that the President loves America.
3I'm pro-choice. I'm pro-gay rights.
4We only see the oppressive side of authority. Maybe it comes out of our history and our background. What we don't see is that freedom is not a concept in which people can do anything they want, be anything they can be. Freedom is about authority. Freedom is about the willingness of every single human being to cede to lawful authority a great deal of discretion about what you do and how you do it.
1He gained ample attention in 2001 for being mayor of New York when the World Trade Center was attacked on 11 September of that year. The political activist group Outspoken Word Troupe published a piece called "A Tale of Two Giulianis", in reference to anti-globalization protester Carlo Giuliani, killed by the police at the G8 protest in Genoa, Italy in July of that year. The collection of poems contrasted the two men.
2Born on the exact same day as Gladys Knight, Jean-Pierre Léaud, Sondra Locke and Billy Vera.
3Celebrities Kelsey Grammer, Adam Sandler, Bo Derek, Kevin James, Jon Voight, Joel Surnow, John Elway, Jeff Gordon and Johnny Damon all endorsed his bid for President in 2008.
4Portrayed by James Woods in the biopic, Rudy: The Rudy Giuliani Story (2003).
5Father, with Donna Hanover, of daughter, Caroline Giuliani (aka Caroline Rose Giuliani), born in 1989, and son, Andrew Giuliani (aka Andrew Harold Giuliani), born on January 30, 1986.
6Attained pop culture status when he appeared on Saturday Night Live (1975) as a New York City cab driver who, complaining about the city, utters the line "Friggin' Giuliani.".
7Dressed as Marilyn Monroe and performed "Happy birthday, Mr. President" at the Inner Circle dinner, where New York City journalists satirize city, state and national politics, then was joined by Julie Andrews, also in drag, on stage. (8 March 1997)
8Graduate of New York University Law School
9Was a Democrat until he switched parties in 1975.
10Married longtime girlfriend Judith Nathan on the lawn of his former residence, Gracie Mansion, by mayor Michael Bloomberg. The 400 guests included Yogi Berra, Henry Kissinger, Beverly Sills, Vera Wang, Donald Trump, former New York governor Hugh Carey, and Barbara Walters. Giuliani's son Andrew was the best man; Nathan's daughter Whitney was the maid of honor. (24 May 2003).
11During his term as mayor, regularly appeared on Saturday Night Live (1975), frequently to comment on current events and to good-naturedly mock his own performance.
12(December 23, 2001) Named Time Magazine's "Person of the Year" for his performance during and after the terrorist attacks on New York City that caused the destruction of the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001.
13Named A&E's "Biography of the Year 2001."
14Named Time Magazine's "Person of the Year 2001."
15Named one of People Magazine's "25 Most Intriguing People of the Year 2001."
16Awarded the title Knight Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire for his outstanding help and support to the bereaved British families in New York by Queen Elizabeth II. [October 2001]
17(1994-2001) Mayor of New York City.
18His first marriage was annulled after 14 years when he says he discovered he was married to his second cousin.


Graves2016TV SeriesRudy Giuliani
The Garden's Defining Moments2016TV Mini-Series
The Simpsons2007TV SeriesRudy Giuliani
Remembering Mario2003Uncle Rudy (as NYC Mayor Rudy Giuliani)
Anger Management2003Mayor Rudy Giuliani
Happily Ever After: Fairy Tales for Every Child1999TV SeriesEarl
The Out-of-Towners1999Mayor (as Mayor Rudolph Giuliani)
Mad About You1994TV SeriesRudy Giuliani


Saturday Night Live2001TV Series performer - 1 episode


Skull Session: The Making of 'Anger Management'2003Video documentary short special thanks - as Rudolph W. Giuliani
Strike Zone2000Video special thanks - as Rudolph W. Giuliani
The Associate1996the producers wish to thank - as Honorable Rudolph W. Giuliani


Good Morning Britain2016TV SeriesHimself
Justice w/Judge Jeanine2016TV SeriesHimself - Former New York Mayor
Hannity2009-2016TV SeriesHimself / Himself - Former New York City Mayor
Sunday Morning Futures with Maria Bartiromo2015-2016TV SeriesHimself - Former New York City Mayor / Himself - Former NYC Mayor
Meet the Press2011-2016TV SeriesHimself / Himself - Former New York City Mayor
Fox and Friends2012-2016TV SeriesHimself / Himself - Former New York City Mayor / Himself - Former NYC Mayor
Fox News Sunday2014-2016TV SeriesHimself - Former New York City Mayor / Himself - Former NYC Mayor
Good Morning America2016TV SeriesHimself - Guest
The O'Reilly Factor2004-2016TV SeriesHimself / Himself - Former New York City Mayor
America's Election HQ2016TV SeriesHimself - Speaker
Thank You for Your Service2015/IDocumentary
30 for 30 Shorts2015TV Series documentary shortHimself
Mornings with Maria Bartiromo2015TV SeriesHimself - Former New York City Mayor
Live from New York!2015DocumentaryHimself - Featuring (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
Saturday Night Live 40th Anniversary Red Carpet Special2015TV SpecialHimself
Squawk Box2014TV SeriesHimself - Former New York Mayor
Mafia's Greatest Hits2014TV Mini-SeriesHimself - Former U.S. Attorney
Who Is Vermin Supreme? An Outsider Odyssey2014DocumentaryHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
Inside Edition2014TV Series documentaryHimself
On the Record w/ Brit Hume2013-2014TV SeriesHimself
The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon2014TV SeriesHimself - Guest
Piers Morgan Tonight2011-2014TV SeriesHimself
Oprah: Where Are They Now?2013TV SeriesHimself
On the Money2013TV SeriesHimself
They Come to America II: The Cost of Amnesty2013DocumentaryHimself
Face the Nation2011-2013TV SeriesHimself
CBS This Morning2012-2013TV SeriesHimself
Lou Dobbs Tonight2013TV SeriesHimself
Late Night with Jimmy Fallon2011-2013TV SeriesHimself
America Live2012TV SeriesHimself
Your World w/ Neil Cavuto2012TV SeriesHimself
Larry King Now2012TV SeriesHimself
Cavuto on Business2012TV SeriesHimself
Breakthrough Energy Movement Conference 20122012TV SeriesHimself
9/11: Day That Changed the World2011TV Movie documentary as Rudolph W. Giuliani
9/11 Memorial from Ground Zero, Ninth Anniversary2010TV MovieHimself - Former New York City Mayor (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
Huckabee2010TV SeriesHimself
National Geographic: Inside 9/112005-2010TV Mini-Series documentaryHimself
America: The Story of Us2010TV Series documentaryHimself
Larry King Live2007-2010TV SeriesHimself
Nine 122010Documentary shortHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
30 for 302010TV Series documentaryHimself
New York Yankees Victory Parade2009TV MovieHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
Late Show with David Letterman1994-2009TV SeriesHimself
9/11 Memorial from Ground Zero, 8th Anniversary2009TV MovieHimself - Former NYC Mayor (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
The View2009TV SeriesHimself
'Hick' Town2009DocumentaryHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
Fox News Reporting2009TV Series documentaryHimself - Former New York City Mayor
Yankeeography2009TV SeriesHimself
Glenn Beck2009TV SeriesHimself
IFC News: 2008 Uncut2008TV SeriesHimself
9/11 Memorial from Ground Zero, 7th Anniversary2008TV MovieHimself - Former New York City Mayor (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
Hardball with Chris Matthews2006-2008TV SeriesHimself
Chasing Churchill: In Search of My Grandfather2008TV Series documentaryHimself
Baseball's Golden Age2008TV Series documentaryHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
Saturday Night Live1996-2008TV SeriesHimself / Himself - Guest Host
The Tonight Show with Jay Leno2002-2008TV SeriesHimself
DR2 tema: Året der kommer2008TV SpecialHimself
The Third Jihad2008Video documentaryHimself - Former Mayor, New York City (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
Today2007TV SeriesHimself
CNN/YouTube Republican Debate2007TV MovieHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
Loose Change: Final Cut2007Video documentaryHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
9/11 Memorial from Ground Zero, Sixth Anniversary2007TV MovieHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
The Colbert Report2007TV SeriesHimself
Charlie Rose1994-2007TV SeriesHimself - Guest
The World Awaits: De La Hoya vs. Mayweather2007TV MovieHimself - Audience Member (uncredited)
The Michael Smerconish Show on MSNBC2007TV SeriesHimself
Le Cirque: A Table in Heaven2007DocumentaryHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
The 246th St Patrick's Day Parade2007TV SpecialHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
R.N.Y.C.2006Documentary short as Rudolph W. Giuliani
9/11 Memorial from Ground Zero, 5th Anniversary2006TV MovieHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
Presidential Visit to Ground Zero2006TV MovieHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
Tribeca Film Festival Presents: Live from the Red Carpet2006TV MovieHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
The Lew Rudin Way2006DocumentaryHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
The Shame of a City2006DocumentaryHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
Hannity & Colmes2004-2006TV SeriesHimself
Biography1998-2005TV Series documentaryHimself
Late Night with Conan O'Brien1995-2005TV SeriesHimself
Kelly2005TV SeriesHimself
Giuliani Time2005DocumentaryHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
WMD: Weapon of Mass Destruction2004DocumentaryHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
The Daily Show2000-2004TV SeriesHimself
The Apprentice2004TV SeriesHimself
Nine Innings from Ground Zero2004TV Movie documentaryHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
¡Despierta América!2004TV SeriesHimself
CNN Special Reports2004TV SeriesHimself - former Mayor of NYC
Paula Zahn Now2004TV SeriesHimself - former Mayor of NYC
Blueprint: New York City2003TV Mini-Series documentaryHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
Enough Rope with Andrew Denton2003TV SeriesHimself
Breakfast with Frost2001-2003TV SeriesHimself
History's Mysteries: Infamous Murders2003TV Series documentaryHimself
Footlong2002DocumentaryHimself (as Rudolph Guiliani)
The Kennedy Center Honors: A Celebration of the Performing Arts2002TV MovieHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
Justifiable Homicide2002DocumentaryHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
The 54th Annual Primetime Emmy Awards2002TV SpecialHimself - Presenter: Outstanding Drama Series (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
11-S: lo nunca visto2002TV MovieHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
MTV Video Music Awards 20022002TV SpecialHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
Airport2002TV Series documentaryHimself
In Memoriam: New York City2002TV Movie documentaryHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
MTV New Year's Eve Live 20022002TV MovieHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
Council 512001TV SeriesHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
Modern Marvels2001TV Series documentaryHimself - Former Mayor, New York City
Christmas in Rockefeller Center2001TV SpecialHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
75th Annual Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade2001TV MovieHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
60 Minutes2001TV Series documentaryHimself - Mayor, New York City (segment "The Lost Son") / Himself - Mayor, New York City (segment "Special Report")
Last Party 20002001DocumentaryHimself (as Mayor Rudolph Giuliani)
The Concert for New York City2001TV Special documentaryHimself - Mayor of New York City (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
VH1/Vogue Fashion Awards2001TV SpecialHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
New York: A Documentary Film1999-2001TV Series documentaryHimself - Commentator
The Lullaby of Broadway: Opening Night on 42nd Street2001TV MovieHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
West 47th Street2001DocumentaryHimself (uncredited)
Weddings of a Lifetime2001TV SeriesHimself (2001)
Saturday Night Live: Presidential Bash 20002000TV SpecialHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
Law & Order2000TV SeriesHimself
Macy's 4th of July Fireworks Spectacular2000TV Special as Rudolph W. Giuliani
WWE Raw2000TV SeriesHimself
Howard Stern1998-2000TV SeriesHimself
The Howard Stern Radio Show2000TV SeriesHimself
ABC 2000: The Millennium1999TV Movie documentaryHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
Mother-Tongue: Italian American Sons & Mothers1999TV Movie documentaryHimself
American Experience1999TV Series documentaryHimself
New York City... Come Visit the World1998Short documentaryHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
Italians in America1998TV Movie documentaryHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
All-American Thanksgiving Day Parade1997TV SpecialHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
Dellaventura1997TV SeriesHimself
Cosby1997TV SeriesHimself
Eddie1996Himself - Mayor of NYC (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade1995TV MovieHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
MTV Video Music Awards 19951995TV SpecialHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
A Night to Die for1995TV Short documentaryHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
Jackie Mason: An Equal Opportunity Offender1995VideoHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
MTV Video Music Awards 19941994TV SpecialHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
TV Nation1994TV Series documentaryHimself - Mayor of New York
The 48th Annual Tony Awards1994TV SpecialHimself - Audience Member (as Mayor Rudolph W. Giuliani)
The Annual Friars Club Tribute Presents a Salute to Barbara Walters1994TV MovieHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
Seinfeld1993TV SeriesHimself
Investigative Reports1993TV SeriesHimself
This Week2016TV SeriesHimself - Former New York City Mayor

Archive Footage

Watters' World2016TV SeriesHimself - Former New York City Mayor
Media Buzz2015-2016TV SeriesHimself / Himself - Former New York City Mayor
Late Night with Seth Meyers2016TV SeriesHimself - Convention Speech
Last Week Tonight with John Oliver2016TV SeriesHimself
The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon2016TV SeriesHimself - Convention Speech
The Eighties2016TV Mini-Series documentaryHimself - U.S. Attorney
Sinatra: All or Nothing at All2015TV Mini-Series documentaryHimself
The Drunken Peasants2014-2015TV SeriesHimself
Inside Edition2014-2015TV Series documentaryHimself / Himself - Former NYC Mayor
Hannity2015TV SeriesHimself
Stop at Nothing: The Lance Armstrong Story2014DocumentaryHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
Crossfire2014TV SeriesHimself
The '80s: The Decade That Made Us2013TV Mini-Series documentaryHimself
America's Book of Secrets2013TV Series documentaryHimself
Air Emergency2013TV Series documentaryHimself - New York Mayor
Creating a Candidate2012Video documentary shortHimself
Occupy Unmasked2012DocumentaryHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
The Woman Who Wasn't There2012DocumentaryHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
The Central Park Five2012DocumentaryHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
The House I Live In2012DocumentaryHimself (uncredited)
Moneyball2011Himself (uncredited)
60 Minutes1999-2011TV Series documentaryHimself - Mayor, New York (segment "The Dust at Ground Zero") / Himself - Mayor of New York / Himself - Mayor, New York (segment "Miracle on 43rd Street")
Ethos2011/IDocumentaryHimself - Former Mayor of New York (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
The Rachel Maddow Show2011TV SeriesHimself
30 for 302010TV Series documentaryHimself
Saturday Night Live in the 2000s: Time and Again2010TV Special documentaryHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
Saturday Night Live Presidential Bash '082008TV SpecialHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
Frontline2008TV Series documentaryHimself - Former NYC Mayor
The O'Reilly Factor2007-2008TV SeriesHimself
Mobsters2008TV SeriesHimself
9/11: Blueprint for Truth - The Architecture of Destruction2008DocumentaryHimself (uncredited)
Endgame: Blueprint for Global Enslavement2007Video documentaryHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
Red Eye w/Tom Shillue2007TV SeriesHimself
911 Flatline2007Video documentary shortHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
The Colbert Report2007TV SeriesHimself
September Clues2007DocumentaryHimself - Mayor, New York (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
Zeitgeist2007Video documentaryHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
Saturday Night Live in the '90s: Pop Culture Nation2007TV Special documentaryHimself (uncredited)
The Gates2007DocumentaryHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
The Battle of Local 56682007DocumentaryFormer U.S. Attorney (as Rudolph Giuliani)
CNN Presents2007TV Series documentaryHimself
Larry Flynt: The Right to Be Left Alone2007DocumentaryHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
...So Goes the Nation2006DocumentaryHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
911 Mysteries Part 1: Demolitions2006Video documentaryHimself - Mayor of New York City (uncredited)
Find Me Guilty2006Himself (uncredited)
Martial Law 9/11: Rise of the Police State2005DocumentaryHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
Banned in the UK2005TV Series documentaryHimself
Seinfeld: Inside Look2005TV Series documentary shortHimself
This Revolution2005Himself (uncredited)
The 9/11 Commission Report2004TV Movie documentaryHimself - Fmr. Mayor, New York City (as Rudolph Giuliani)
Celsius 41.11: The Temperature at Which the Brain... Begins to Die2004DocumentaryHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
Broadway: The American Musical2004TV Mini-Series documentaryHimself
101 Most Unforgettable SNL Moments2004TV MovieHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
Saturday Night Live: The Best of Will Ferrell - Volume 22004Video documentaryHimself (uncredited)
Biography2004TV Series documentaryHimself
911: In Plane Site2004Video documentaryHimself (as Rudolph W. Giuliani)
Saturday Night Live: The Best of Will Ferrell2002TV Special documentaryHimself (uncredited)
Computer Chronicles2002TV SeriesHimself - Windows XP launch
SexTV1999TV Series documentaryHimself
Revelations: The End Times, Volume 31999Video documentaryHimself (as Rudolph Giuliani)
Moneyline1992TV SeriesHimself - Former U.S. Attorney

Won Awards

2002Christopher Leadership AwardChristopher Awards

Known for movies

IMDB Wikipedia

Related Articles

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.